Types of staircases in building

Staircases are an important part of any multi-level home. The type of staircase you choose is a key consideration for any construction or remodeling project, as it can have a big impact on the look and feel of your home, and how much space it takes up.

Types of stairs for choosing your Perfect Design!

Staircases are important for both function and design in our homes. A well-designed staircase can add visual interest, contribute to the aesthetic and mood, and complement the interior design. When choosing a staircase, a few factors must be considered.

  • Space (Types of staircases)

Consider the building dimensions whenever you want to add a new feature to your home. The amount of available space dictates the design. A well-designed staircase makes the most of the space you have. The size of your house impacts the staircase design, particularly the width and shape.

  • Design (Types of staircases)

The amount of space available and your home’s overall interior design will determine your staircase’s design. Stairs come in many shapes and sizes, including straight flights, curved stairs, spiral staircases, half-turned staircases, and quarter-turned staircases. Each type of staircase makes a unique visual statement, so it’s essential to consider not only which type will fit best in your home but also which style matches your aesthetic.

  • Materials (Types of staircases)

The materials making up your new staircase affect its appearance. You can choose from many options, including wood, glass, metal, and concrete. Wood can be painted or stained to enhance its natural color. Metal is a good choice for bold contemporary or industrial homes, and glass gives a modern look.

  • Budget (Types of staircases)

The amount of money you have to spend will dictate the design of your staircase. Factors such as style, shape, size, materials, and balusters will all be affected by your budget. For example, a straight staircase will cost less than a curved one. Your contractor should be able to help you find the right option for both your house and your budget. Custom staircases can be designed specifically with you and your budget in mind.

Types of stairs building


This is the simplest type of staircase – it goes from one floor to the next in a straight line with no changes in direction. They are common in both homes and businesses. Sometimes, straight stairs have a small landing halfway up, especially if they are more than 12 feet high.


L-shaped stairs are a variation of the straight staircase design, with a bend in some portion of the stair. This design usually features a 90-degree bend, achieved by adding a landing.


Winding stairs are similar to the L shaped stair but instead of a flat landing, the steps are angled to create the bend. They are often used as a secondary staircase, particularly in older homes. In these cases, the winding stair is often used as an access to the kitchen while a grand staircase is more prominently located in the foyer.


U shaped stairs have a curved landing or rounded steps in the middle, making a half turn. If you’ve ever seen the stairs in an office building and promised yourself you’d take them every day, you’ve seen this basic style. The bend can be taken even further to form a full U shape, with a landing in the middle to separate the two parallel flights.


Switchback or 180-degree stairs are very similar to U shaped stairs. They too consist of two parallel flights of stairs, but joined by a flat landing instead of rounded steps.


Spiral stairs are very compact, with treads radiating around a center support pole. It would form a perfect circle if you looked at it from above. Remember that the narrow wedge-shaped treads may not be the easiest to traverse.


A curved staircase has no landings and continues in one smooth line, following the curve of the banister. They are often much larger than winder or L-shaped staircases and make a dramatic architectural statement. They are often located at the entrance of a home.


Bifurcated stairs are defined by a staircase splitting into two, as may be inferred from the “bi” in its name. The grandest of them all—this is the style of the iconic Titanic staircase—bifurcated stairs include one sweeping set of steps that splits off into two smaller flights going in opposite directions.

This type of staircase, typically found in large, grand estates or commercial structures, involves two flights of stairs that either meet at a landing or at the top. We found that a variation of this type of staircase, with a quarter turn mixed in, was perfect for a modern farmhouse-styled home.


Another type of stairs you should be familiar with is Floating Stairs.
By definition, a flight of stairs is said to be “floating” if the space underneath the staircase is open. Most floating staircases do not have risers which create the illusion that each step is floating. Floating stairs are typically either fully opened or partially opened.
Floating steps can take on the shape of almost any of the aforementioned styles. They are customarily found in more contemporary or industrial style homes.
The two examples above look very similar, however, you should note that the photo on the left shows a staircase with a single stringer design and the one on the right features two stringers. Stringers are the support beams you see underneath the stairs running the length from the lower level to the top level. Also, the right staircase incorporates a landing in the switchback design we learned about earlier.


As you can see, there are loads of choices when it comes to the types of staircases you can have in your home. From basic straight types to custom architectural designs, there’s one to fit the style and requirements of your house. Be sure to check out the different options with the designer before you commit to one. You never know what stylish stairs you might be able to choose! Ara Engineering as one of the best architecture companies in Toronto is ready to help you.